What is the relationship between language processes, affirmations, self-hating, and agency?

PLEASE REPLY TO EACH DISCUSSION WITH SIGNIFICANT CONTENT. DO NOT JUST AGREE WITH THE STUDENT BUT PROVIDE SUPPORTING CONTENT IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE. THERE ARE THREE DISCUSSION RESPONSE. PLEASE RESPOND WITH A MINUMUM OF 1-2 PARAGRAGHS FOR EACH DISCUSSION.

Kendra Ogdahl 

Freud’s personality theory indicates that a personality is developed and shaped based on a person’s early childhood experiences. However, as these children grow in to adults, they can correct part of their “learned” personality. While this is a contradiction, these corrections can happen with increased adult experiences which include factors such as life events, one’s social roles and the actions of other people around them. It is also believed that both biological (gene expression and hormonal process) and environmental factors (stressors) can help an adult alter their personality and can either have minimal impact or create lifelong changes to one’s personality (Specht, 2014).  While an adult is more likely to have personality stability, research has shown that changes are possible. One study proving this theory surrounds adult forgiveness. In “Placing Dispositional Forgiveness”, it is discussed how as an adult, a person can learn forgiveness even if it wasn’t something previously learned in childhood. This is partly due to the fact that as people get older, they work to maintain their current relationships instead of trying to increase their network (Hill, 2013). If forgiveness was not something that was learned as a child,  they learn to forgive in their current relationships. This proves that while a personality is mostly defined in childhood, it is possible to reshape and redefine our personalities as we get older.

References

Hill, P., Allemand, M., and Heffernan, M., (2013) Placing Dispositional Forgiveness Within Theories of Adult Personality Development., European Psychologist 18.4: 273–285. Retrieved from:  https://doi-org.nuls.idm.oclc.org/10.1027/1016-9040/a000145

Specht, J., Bleidorn, W., Denissen, J. J. A., Hennecke, M., Hutteman, R., Kandler, C., … Zimmermann, J. (2014). What Drives Adult Personality Development? A Comparison of Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence. European Journal of Personality28(3), 216–230. https://doi-org.nuls.idm.oclc.org/10.1002/per.1966

Trisha Duperval 

Wk 2 Discussion

1. What is the relationship between language processes, affirmations, self-hating, and agency?

 

Language processing is when people use words to communicate their emotions, feelings, ideas and it is processed for others to understand it.

Affirmation is communication is something used for emotional support and encouragement.

Self-hatred are a feeling of hate within themselves. They can hate others who have similar lives as themselves such as race, religion, nationality etc. They can listen or create their own stereotypes for themselves and there that compares to them.

Agency are people who independently make their own free decisions. Agency do not think in absolutes (Engler, B., 2014)

The relationship between language processes, affirmations, self-hating, and agency is that they all deal with personal decisions.

 

 

Engler, B. (2014). Personality theories: An introduction (9th ed..Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning

3 hours ago

Aquarius Bayes 

Week 2 Discussion, Q3Top of Form

Albert Ellis’ REBT therapy introduced the A-B-C- theory of personality. Ellis suggested that people mistakenly blame external events for unhappiness. He argued, however, that it is our interpretation of these events that truly lies at the heart of our psychological distress. To explain this process, Ellis developed what he referred to as the ABC Model:A – Activating Event: Something happens in the environment around you.B – Beliefs: You hold a belief about the event or situation.C – Consequence: You have an emotional response to your belief. This model showed that every situation an individual encounters throughout their life is only one piece of a whole. It added the idea to Freud’s insights that a person’s beliefs about an experience along with the emotions that arise from said experiences could alter their personality.

The theory behind REBT therapy also introduced the idea that because thoughts and emotions can frequently overlap, much of what may be considered pure emotions is actually equated to be evaluative thinking. I believe that this allows for the fright or flight response and similarly to Freud’s insight gives an individual the opportunity to either express or hide their emotions based on the situation.

Cherry, K. (2019, March 30). How Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Works. Retrieved from verywellmind: https://www.verywellmind.com/rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-2796000

Engler, B. (2014). Personality Theories (9th Edition ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

 

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