Walsh, A. (1995). Genetic and cytogenetic intersex anomalies: Can they help us to understand gender

Read the article, then answer the questions in essay form. The answers to the questions should be incorporated throughout your essay; this means that you should not answer the questions as a “laundry list” of answers. Your responses should incorporate material from the articles and the assigned textbook.

  • Walsh, A. (1995). Genetic and cytogenetic intersex anomalies: Can they help us to understand gender differences in deviant behavior? International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 39(2), 151 – 166.
  1. Questions:
    1. How do our genetics influence our behavior?
    2. Is it nature or nurture?
    3. Does gender influence criminal behavior?
    4. As we learn more about DNA will we learn more about human behavior? Why or why not?
    5. How do neurotransmitters influence criminal behavior?

    Formatting guidelines

    •  One inch margins on all sides
    •  Text should be double-spaced and left-oriented (“Align Text Left” button in MS Word). Headings may be center-oriented.
    •  1-inch margins, double-spaced, 12 point professional font
    •  Correct grammar, spelling, and syntax
    •  Include a title page & a reference list
    •  If your assignment is a paper/essay:

    o Start your paper at the very TOP (meaning the FIRST LINE) of the page.

    o Your information (name, course, date) should be on a title page. The title page does not count toward any page number requirements.

    •  Insert a page number at the bottom of the page.
    •  Save your file as a Word document (.doc or .docx) using this format: LastNameFirstName_ClassNumber&Section_AssignmentTitle

    o Example: CarterCherie_CRJU3000OL1_ArticleSummary2

    •  Submit your assignment via the Assignment function on Blackboard. Be sure to attach the Word document as a file. DO NOT copy and paste your assignment into the textbox in Blackboard.
    •  Your file must be saved in a format that I can open. Acceptable file extensions are doc, docx, or pdf. If I cannot open the file, I cannot grade it; you will not receive any credit.
    •  All assignments must follow APA format. This includes proper formatting for summarizing someone else’s words and direct quotes. Do not plagiarize.
    •  Do not quote/cite a source that you have not read. If you are citing a source that is also citing a source, use the proper format (see the APA Lite document for further information).
    •  Points will be deducted if general writing rules are not followed. This includes, but is not limited to, the following:

    o Proper use of paragraphs and indentations. (Each paragraph, including the first, must begin with an indent. Start a new paragraph when you change topics.)

    o Proper use of spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

    o Proper use of vocabulary. Having a strong vocabulary is important; however, do not choose words simply because they “sound smart”. This becomes very obvious when words are used incorrectly.

    o Proper use of sentence structure. (Do not use run-ons, fragments, etc.)

    o Proper use of paper structure (if the assignment is a paper). You should have proper headings (such as an Introduction, a body with specific topics, and a Discussion or Conclusion).

    CRJU 3000 (Fall 2017 ONLINE)
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    Page 2 of 5

    Article Summary Grading Rubric

    CRJU 3000 (Fall 2017 ONLINE)
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    Structure (15pts)
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    Excellent (13 – 15 points)

    1. Opening paragraph clearly and succinctly defines purpose of paper, allows the reader to predict what follows and establishes a clear theme for the paper.
    2. Paragraphs begin and end with transitions and focus on single concept or idea.
    3. Body of paper develops on the opening theme in a coherent and logical progression of ideas that facilitates the reader’s understanding and maintains the reader’s interest.
    4. Arguments and conclusions are internally consistent and always supported with evidence or logic.
    5. Writer makes frequent and effective use of examples to support the underlying argument.
    6. Closing paragraph sums up writer’s points and links back to opening.
    7. Overall, the paper reflects conscious use of structure and organizations which facilitates the reader’s understanding

    Acceptable (9 – 12 points)

    1. Opening paragraph addresses a purpose.
    2. Writer makes paragraph breaks in appropriate places.
    3. Body of essay stays on general topic introduced in the paper.
    4. Writer makes some use of logic and evidence.
    5. Writer makes some use of examples to support arguments.
    6. Paper reflects some overall structure and organization.

    Unacceptable (8 points or less)

    1. Opening paragraph does not relate to any clear theme, nor does it relate to the remainder or essay.
    2. Writer fails to break writing into paragraphs at appropriate places
    3. Body of paper wanders among topics without apparent purpose.
    4. Writer makes assertions without evidence, logic or examples. Writer uses evidence, logic or examples that clearly fail to support assertions.
    5. Paper lacks structure and reflects no planning or organization. It shifts randomly from one topic to another.

    Language Usage (15 pts) Excellent: (13 – 15 points)

    1. Writing contains no grammar, punctuation or spelling errors.
    2. Writer makes extensive use of active voice.
    3. Writer consistently uses appropriate tense.
    4. Writer uses varied sentence structures.
    5. Writer appropriately uses a rich and varied vocabulary.

    Acceptable: (9 – 12 points)

    1. Writing contains some minor grammatical, punctuation or spelling errors.
    2. Writer primarily uses active voice, but occasionally lapses into passive voice where active voice would better serve his/her objectives.
    3. Writer sometimes uses present tense to describe past events or other errors in tense.

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    1. Writer repeatedly uses simple sentence structure.
    2. Writer uses the same words or phrases. Vocabulary shows no appropriate richness or variety.

    Unacceptable: (8 points or less)

    1. Writing contains numerous grammatical, punctuation or spelling errors.
    2. Writer rarely or never uses active voice.
    3. Writer demonstrates no awareness of tense or mixes tense in sentences.
    4. Writing contains sentence fragments.
    5. Writing contains slang, profanity, or obscene terms.

    Content and Analysis (45 pts) Excellent (41 – 45 points)

    1. Paper provides significant, innovative, and original analysis of the issues. Content is tremendously original (i.e., in the student’s own words) yet clearly utilizes the readings specific to the writing assignment and some previously assigned readings. Paper does not overly rely on quotes.
    2. Paper directly addresses all aspects of the question or assignment—for example, why the topic or issue is important to criminal justice. The focus of the paper is clearly explained and ideas in the paper are coherently and clearly communicated.
    3. The major viewpoints relevant to the topic are fully explained. The paper provides a comprehensive review of the readings or information specific to the writing assignment and knowledge on the topic.
    4. Arguments and conclusions are clearly explained and supported through logic and information, not just personal opinions.

    Acceptable (32 – 40 points)

    1. Paper provides only some innovative and original analysis of the issues. Content is not noticeably different from source material (i.e., some originality or use of the student’s own words) yet adequately utilizes the readings specific to the writing assignment and some previously assigned readings. Paper does not overly rely on quotes.
    2. Paper primarily addresses the question or assignment, but misses some aspects of the assignment—for example, why the topic or issue is important to criminal justice.
    3. Paper demonstrates moderate knowledge of facts but only limited insight into causes, relationships or other complex analysis.
    4. The major viewpoints relevant to the topic are only partially explained. The paper provides a less-than comprehensive review of the readings or information specific to the writing assignment and knowledge on the topic.
    5. Some arguments and conclusions are unclear or unsupported through logic and information. Very few statements supported solely through personal opinions.

    Unacceptable (31 points or less)

    CRJU 3000 (Fall 2017 ONLINE)
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    1. 2. 3. Content closely matches source material (i.e., unoriginal material that is not in the student’s own words).

    Content uses quotes heavily with little or no effort to expand on the meaning of quoted material. demonstrate very little understanding of the reading material/assignment.

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    4. 5. 6. 7. Content does not incorporate all assigned readings. Content does not address the question(s)

    Content focuses on primarily on personal opinions or experiences.

    Content is unoriginal; it copies too much from the assigned readings or other material, or is simply a rewording of previously written ideas.

    CRJU 3000 (Fall 2017 ONLINE) Page 5 of 5

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