punishment at school that led to them calling the ACS. The school social worker was told of how the Hernandez parents made him kneel on his knees for hours while holding two heavy encyclopedias in each hand as a form of punishment. He reiterated that this punishment had been used on them on several occasions and this led to the ACS sending a worker to their home. The ACS worker thought that the concern was credible since this form of punishment was abusive and suggested that they start attending family sessions and visit the local community mental agency to complete a parenting group.
History or present illness
Parent’s reports Hernandez has no drug abuse problem but a criminal history of juvenile petty theft that has since been expunged in 2010.
Past psychiatric history
Parents report that Juan Jr. has been of sound psychiatric health.
HERNANDEZ CASE STUDY 3
Parents report that Juan Jr has been healthy. However, his mother has been diagnosed with diabetes recently.
Substance use history
Both parents have no history of substance abuse nor does Juan Jr.
Parents reports no delays
Family psychiatric history
Parents report no psychiatric problems in their family history.
Juan Jr is quite sociable. He and his parents go to the beach and the park near their home on weekends to socialize and play.
History of abuse/trauma
Prior to the current problem that involves the form of punishment that the Hernandez are using on their children, there are no other abuse incidents that Juan Jr. has experienced.
Review of systems
Gen: Has no fever, night sweats, heat intolerance, weakness or fatigue.
HERNANDEZ CASE STUDY 4
Head: No migraine headaches reported.
ENT: No visual changes, eye pain, hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, ear pain, ear discharge, epistaxis, nasal discharge, sinusitis, teeth problems, abnormal taste, sore throat, or speech difficulty
Neck: Denies neck swelling, pain, stiff neck, goiter, or masses, nodes.
Cardiopulmonary: Patient indicates they have not witnessed any instances of cough, dyspnea, wheezing, hemoptysis, chest pain, palpitations, orthopnea, murmurs, edema, claudication, syncope, and hypertension.
GI: There have been no changes to the patients eating habits. He has tested negative for n/v, hematemesis, melena, dysphagia, heartburn, flatulence, abdominal pain, jaundice, and change in bowel habits, diarrhea, constipation, hematochezia, or rectal pain.
GU: He also has been cleared of dysuria, frequency, nocturia, hematuria, urgency incontinence or polyuria.
MS: On the other hand, he has reported no backache, joint pain, stiffness. Gait is normal and steady.
Heme/Skin: Patient insists they have had no bleeding, bruising, anemia. Denies changes, pruritis, rash, or changes in hair.
Neuro: No indication of seizures, paralysis, muscle weakness, parasthesia, sensation changes.
Psych: Thought content: no SI/HI or psychotic symptoms; Associations: intact; Orientation: x 3; Mood and affect: euthymic and full and appropriate.
HERNANDEZ CASE STUDY 5
47 Height: inches
Temp: 37 0C.
Pulse: 79 BPM
Appearance: Slender, Latino male who appears his age and no distress observed. He is well groomed and dressed to impress.
Mental status exam
The whole family comes to the appointment since they should do both family sessions and a positive parenting program for the parents. Juan Senior comes on with a lot of anger and resentment towards the counselor a she sees no point in attending the classes.
The parents grew up too fast and are projecting their feelings on their children.