psychology

1.20(1 pts.) In the 70s, Dr. Richard Raskin underwent a radical surgery in which his assigned sex was changed. He is now known as a woman named Renee Richards. Prior to the surgery Dr. Raskin might have been diagnosed as havingA) sexual aversion disorder.B) gender identity disorder.C) transvestic fetishism.D) male erectile disorder.# 1.21(1 pts.) John gets nauseous when he thinks about having sexual intercourse and he actively avoids the sexual advances of others. John might be diagnosed as havingA) male erectile disorder.B) sexual aversion disorder.C) dyspareunia.D) inhibited male orgasm disorder.# 1.22(1 pts.) Joseph experiences such intense and recurrent genital pain during sexual intercourse that even the thought of having sex is unbearable. Joseph might haveA) erectile disorder.B) vaginismus.C) dyspareunia.D) inhibited male orgasm.# 1.23(1 pts.) Based on this information in the case report in the textbook, what assessment information might have led Dr. Tobin to conclude that Shaun Boyden was abused as a child?A) His Rorschach responses indicated a great deal of impulsivity.B) Shaun’s verbal IQ was somewhat higher than his performance IQ.C) Shaun’s score on one of the MMPI lie scales indicated his responses were guarded.D) His TAT stories contained themes of victimization.# 1.24(1 pts.) Wayne has pedophilia. He tends to victimize boys but does not engage in physical violence or nonsexual aggression. Wayne would be categorized as a(n) ____ aggressor.A) physiologicalB) cognitiveC) affectiveD) developmentally related# 1.25(1 pts.) Several of the patients with mental retardation portrayed in the 1970s documentary “Willowbrook: The Last Great Disgrace” walk around the ward with no clothes on. Which of the following statements might best characterize this behavior?A) In addition to being diagnosed with mental retardation, they might be diagnosed with exhibitionism.B) In addition to being diagnosed with mental retardation, they might be diagnosed with voyeurism.C) These individuals would be dually diagnosed with mental retardation and hypoactive sexual desire disorder.D) Because their behavior is likely due to brain damage, their behavior would not be considered paraphilic.# 1.26(1 pts.) When Jimmy was a child, he used to hide out in his closet, sit on the floor amid shoes, and masturbate. He now has a shoe fetish. The development of his disorder would be of no surprise to aA) psychoanalyst.B) humanist.C) behavioral theorist.D) psychiatrist.# 1.27(1 pts.) Five-year-old Timmy has older sisters who dress him up occasionally and call him “Timbelina” since they really wanted a little sister instead of a little brother. If this pattern continues it is possible that Tim might developA) sexual masochism.B) sexual sadism.C) pedophilia.D) transvestic fetishism.# 1.28(1 pts.) Why is it difficult to determine whether or not individuals with gender identity disorder have a heterosexual or a homosexual orientation?A) because defense mechanisms are very strong and do not allow the unconscious tendencies to surfaceB) because most report having bisexual tendencies so they really don’t express a preferenceC) because the definition of their orientation could be based on either their assigned sex or their gender identityD) because their gender identity confusion also makes them feel confused about their sexual orientation as well# 1.29(1 pts.) Carol is extremely interested in sex but does not experience the vaginal changes that ordinarily precede sexual intercourse. Carol may haveA) sexual aversion disorder.B) hypoactive sexual desire disorder.C) inhibited female orgasm disorder.D) female sexual arousal disorder.# 1.30(1 pts.) Pattie is extremely frustrated because every time she has sex with her husband she has painful muscle spasms in her vagina which prevent her husband from penetrating. Pattie may very well haveA) dyspareunia.B) anorgasmia.C) frigidity.D) vaginismus.# 1.31(1 pts.) Which of the following facts led Dr. Tobin to hypothesize that Janice Butterfield was suffering from depression even during their initial phone conversation?A) Janice’s rapid speech and grandiose thinkingB) Janice’s faint and slow-paced speechC) Janice’s melodramatic toneD) Janice’s delusional thinking# 1.32(1 pts.) John is in a period of intense disruptive and heightened thinking, behavior, and emotionality. John is experiencing a(n) ____ episode.A) depressiveB) euphoricC) dysthymic .D) manic# 1.33(1 pts.) Howard suffers from mild mood swings that range from dysphoria to hypomania. His mood can change rapidly and at times his behavior borders on eccentric, but he still holds down a job at the neighborhood hardware store, and his marriage although a bit strained is on good ground. Howard might be diagnosed as havingA) bipolar disorder.B) major depressive disorder.C) hypomania.D) cyclothymic disorder# 1.34(1 pts.) Based on Seligman’s ideas regarding depression, which of the following attributions would be made by an individual likely to become depressed?A) I failed this exam because I am stupid.B) I missed the game-tying foul shot because I was nervous.C) I broke up with my girlfriend because of a difference of opinion.D) I was fired because my boss was a jerk.# 1.35(1 pts.) Brad’s therapist is treating his depression by helping Brad evaluate the rationality of his automatic thoughts, and identify and alter the silent dysfunctional assumptions he makes about things that happen to him. Based on this information, it sounds as if Brad’s therapist may be _____ in her orientation.A) psychodynamicB) behavioralC) cognitiveD) interpersonal# 1.36(1 pts.) Beth is suffering from major depressive disorder. Which of the following facts might lead her therapist to be highly concerned about the possibility of her committing suicide?A) the fact that she is middle-aged.B) the fact that her GABA levels are so high .C) the fact that two of her relatives have committed suicideD) the fact that she has lost her job.# 1.37(1 pts.) Although Juanita has been severely depressed, her motor activity has been frantic. The term for this type of motor activity isA) psychomotor agitation.B) somatic hysteria.C) psychomotor hyperactivity.D) somatic mania.# 1.38(1 pts.) Joe has a mood disorder in which he experiences alternating episodes of severe depression and mild bouts of mania. Which of the following diagnoses would best describe Joe’s condition?A) bipolar I disorderB) bipolar II disorderC) manic depressionD) cyclothymic disorder# 1.39(1 pts.) Catecholamine is to ____ as indolamine is toA) serotonin; norepinephrineB) GABA; serotoninC) norepinephrine; serotoninD) dopamine; norepinephrine# 1.40(1 pts.) The statement “My girlfriend dumped me; all women must hate me” is an example of Beck’s cognitive distortion known as .A) catastrophizing.B) dichotomous thinking.C) excessive responsibility.D) overgeneralization.# 1.41(1 pts.) Andrea, a depressed client, was instructed by her therapist to attend a retirement party she was invited to. Prior to going, he asked her to try to estimate how much fun she would have at the party. Andrea’s therapist is having her conduct a(n)A) graded task assignment.B) in vivo exposure.C) pleasure prediction experiment.D) self-monitoring task.# 1.42(1 pts.) A therapist is treating Scott’s depression using an approach which focuses on the present and whose guidelines have been established through research data. Scott’s therapist is most likely to have a(n) ___ orientation.A) psychoanalyticB) humanisticC) interpersonalD) intergenerational# 1.43(1 pts.) Jenny is suffering from clinical depression. As a result, she typically wakes up early in the morning and tends to be more gloomy in the morning than during the rest of the day. Which of the following specifiers best applies to Jenny’s case?A) in remissionB) postpartumC) melancholic typeD) seasonal pattern# 1.44(1 pts.) Which of the following facts from the case of Kay Redfield Jamison would be of most interest to a behavior geneticist? The fact that herA) family moved a lot when she was a child.B) first bout with a mood episode occurred when she was a teenager.C) aunt was diagnosed with schizophrenia.D) father suffered from severe depressive episodes.# 1.45(1 pts.) Dr. Jaspers feels that Rhonda’s manic episode is an unconscious defense that she is using to guard against sinking into a state of gloom and despair. Based on this information Dr. Jaspers’ orientation is most likelyA) humanistic.B) behavioral.C) existential.D) psychodynamic.# 1.46(1 pts.) Which of the following statements best describes the psychodynamic component of the interpersonal theory of depression?A) The theory emphasizes id ego and superego.B) The theory incorporates behavioral contracting.C) The theory explores the disturbed attachment bonds from early childhood.D) The theory posits psychosexual stages of development.# 1.47(1 pts.) Mary has been in a continual state of dysfunction that has kept her from feeling truly happy or well-adjusted but she has never had a full-blown depressive episode. Mary might be diagnosed as suffering fromA) cyclothymic disorder.B) dysthymic disorder.C) bipolar disorder.D) major depressive disorder.# 1.48(1 pts.) Although Katy is on medication to control her bipolar disorder, her psychiatrist is still concerned that she may have another manic episode in the weeks to come. Katy’s doctor is worried about the phenomenon known asA) directing.B) kindling.C) snow-balling.D) spontaneous recovery.# 1.49(1 pts.) Harriet’s therapist is focusing on how the death of her husband has disrupted her important automatic behavior patterns or “scripts” and how this disruption seems to be worsening her depression. Based on this information, what kind of orientation does Harriet’s therapist seem to have?A) psychodynamicB) cognitiveC) behavioralD) humanistic# 1.50(1 pts.) Debbie has been diagnosed with the rapid cycling type of bipolar disorder. Which of the following types of medication is most likely to help her improve?A) lithium carbonateB) selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorsC) monoamine oxidase inhibitorsD) anticonvulsant medications# 1.51(1 pts.) Margaret is highly committed to dying but she has chosen to ingest ten aspirin tablets. Her suicide attempt would be described as being ______ in suicidal intent and ______ in suicidal lethality.A) low; lowB) high; highC) low; highD) high; low# 1.52(1 pts.) In the textbook case, David Marshall’s belief that television commercials were specifically directed to him is referred to as a delusion ofA) persecution.B) reference.C) grandeur.D) nihilism.# 1.53(1 pts.) Charlie, a client with schizophrenia, is being encouraged by his therapist to talk with his co-workers and ask them about their personal lives in hopes that he will learn that they are not aliens from Venus trying to take over Earth. The therapist is asking Charlie to use a technique best known asA) reality testing.B) labeling.C) verbal challenge.D) didactic listening.# 1.54(1 pts.) Jennifer recently experienced a brief psychotic episode soon after her miscarriage. The symptoms lasted a little less than a month. Jennifer had experiencedA) schizophreniform disorder.B) schizoid personality disorder.C) brief psychotic disorder.D) disorganized schizophrenia.# 1.55(1 pts.) Reggie thinks that the any marital discord between the president and his wife is because the First Lady is secretly in love with him and wishes to spend the rest of her life with him. Which type of psychosis is Reggie suffering from?A) paranoid schizophreniaB) delusional disorder, erotomanic typeC) schizoaffective disorderD) disorganized schizophrenia# 1.56(1 pts.) Because of the vagueness and generality of the criteria at the time, an individual diagnosed as having schizophrenia in the 1960sA) would probably not meet the current criteria for the disorder.B) would probably not recover as quickly as someone diagnosed now.C) would probably now be diagnosed as having an organic dementia.D) would probably have more limited symptoms than someone diagnosed now.# 1.57(1 pts.) Frank seems to welcome the sympathy and attention that he gets from his parents when he has a psychotic episode. Which of the following might be maintaining his symptoms?A) negative reinforcementB) primary gainC) secondary gainD) vicarious reinforcement# 1.58(1 pts.) The symptoms of schizophrenia are associated with the overactivity of neurons that respond to which neurotransmitter?A) norepinephrineB) GABAC) serotonin ;D) dopamine# 1.59(1 pts.) Low levels of dopamine are associated with ______, while high levels of dopamine are generally associated with ______.A) tardive dyskinesia; Parkinson’s diseaseB) Graves’ disease; Parkinson’s diseaseC) schizophrenia; Alzheimer’s diseaseD) Parkinson’s disease; schizophrenia# 1.60(1 pts.) Before developing schizophrenia, Reggie was a relatively successful attorney, but has stopped working and now prefers to wander the streets in preparation for an “airlift” of humans by extraterrestrials. Reggie’s story lends credibility to which hypothesis regarding the relationship between social class and schizophrenic symptoms?A) downward social drift hypothesis.B) social causation hypothesis.C) double bind hypothesis.D) milieu hypothesis.# 1.61(1 pts.) Lori has a constant sensation that she has snakes crawling through her intestines. Lori is experiencing a(n)A) hallucination.B) delusion.C) apparition.D) chimera.# 1.62(1 pts.) Even while talking about the death of her husband a decade ago, Carol giggles almost uncontrollably. Many people in the hospital characterize her as being silly. What type of schizophrenia might she have?A) undifferentiated schizophreniaB) disorganized schizophreniaC) catatonic schizophreniaD) paranoid schizophrenia# 1.63(1 pts.) Why might it be difficult to determine the incidence and prevalence of schizoaffective disorder?A) because of the overlap between this disorder, the schizophrenias, and the mood disordersB) because most individuals who suffer from this disorder are misdiagnosed as having an anxiety disorderC) because of the highly specific criteria that must be met in order to receive this diagnosisD) because most psychiatrists use this diagnosis as a catch-all category for a variety of disorders# 1.64(1 pts.) A woman is absolutely convinced that her recent car accident was actually an attempt on her life by the CIA. What delusional disorder might she have?A) delusional disorder, grandiose typeB) delusional disorder, jealous typeC) delusional disorder, persecutory typeD) delusional disorder, somatic type# 1.65(1 pts.) Roger is participating in a test that requires him to stare at a computer screen on which several letters of the alphabet are being flashed at a very high speed. Every time Roger sees the letter Q he is supposed to press a button. Roger is involved in a test ofA) smooth pursuit eye movements.B) sustained attention.C) sensory gating.D) event related potential.# 1.66(1 pts.) Martha is a recovering from schizophrenia. She has been taking high doses of antipsychotic medications for a very long period of time and has begun to experience uncontrollable movements of her mouth and tongue that make her appear as if she were chewing food in a very exaggerated way. Martha is experiencing the symptoms ofA) tardive dyskinesia.B) Parkinson’s disease.C) Graves’ disease.D) Tourette’s syndrome.# 1.67(1 pts.) Judy has schizophrenia and walks around the hospital ward constantly rubbing her hands together and twisting her hair for no apparent reason. This behavior is illustrative ofA) catatonic excitement.B) catatonic stupor.C) catatonic rigidity.D) residual catatonia.# 1.68(1 pts.) Jerry has schizophrenia, but no single symptom seems to be dominant in his case. He exhibits a variety of symptoms such as disturbances in sense of self, stereotyped movements, flat affect, and delusional thinking. Jerry might be diagnosed as having which type of schizophrenia?A) catatonicB) disorganizedC) hebephrenicD) undifferentiated# 1.69(1 pts.) Ellen has forsaken the religious beliefs of her own mainstream upbringing and has started to adhere to the strange delusional religious beliefs of her very dominant husband, who believes that he is the direct descendant of an ancient Greek god. She now has no qualms about her husband sleeping with other women since, according to her husband’s interpretation of the Bible, it is a man’s given right. Ellen might be diagnosed as havingA) a brief psychotic disorder.B) shared psychotic disorder.C) schizoaffective disorder.D) delusional disorder, jealous type.# 1.70(1 pts.) The case of the Genain quadruplets, who developed schizophrenia, provided evidence regarding theA) difference between the paranoid and disorganized types of schizophrenia.B) role of dopamine in development of schizophrenia.C) interaction of genetic and environmental factors in the development of schizophrenia.D) cross-fostering of schizophrenic traits among siblings.# 1.71(1 pts.) Why might it be difficult to utilize psychological methods to treat a client with schizophrenia in the active phase of the disorder?A) During the active phase, many individuals with schizophrenia need to be restrained because of violent outbursts.B) During the active phase, the individual is very much out of touch with reality and may not respond to reason.C) During the active phase, the individual is so exhausted from the intensity of the symptoms that it is difficult to stay awake. ‘D) During the active phase, the personality changes experienced by the people with schizophrenia are very rapid.# 1.72(1 pts.) Dr. Carson defines sexual deviations asA) practices and behaviors that are of harm to the individual or to others.B) aberrations from what society considers normal.C) behaviors diverging from a common biological pathway for human sexual behavior.D) societal taboos.# 1.73(1 pts.) Ann and John are experiencing sexual difficulties; specifically, John suffers from premature ejaculation, a common dysfunction. Dr. Kaplan would look forA) physical dysfunctions.B) physical stressors, psychological problems, and relationship difficulties.C) relationship problems in the marriage.D) low hormone levels in John.# 1.74(1 pts.) A typical behavioral cycle among exhibitionists includes the following stages:A) insult, depression, restoration of self-esteem by exposing, shame.B) exposing, shame, depression.C) substance abuse, exposing, shame, depression.D) substance abuse, shame, restoration of self-esteem by exposing.# 1.75(1 pts.) Joe is a rapist who goes out drinking before committing a rape. His drinking is a means ofA) lowering his inhibitions.B) blocking painful memories.C) breaking his regular response cycle.D) engaging in preparatory behaviors.# 1.76(1 pts.) In contrast to desire disorders, _____ disorders involve people who want to engage in sex but cannot.A) psychogenicB) orgasmicC) arousalD) functional# 1.77(1 pts.) Dr. Carson says that much of what we refer to as deviant sexuality involves elements ofA) homosexuality.B) sado-masochism.C) power, aggression, and domination.D) immature development.# 1.78(1 pts.) On a regular basis, Anthony is unable to satisfactorily participate in sexual activities and has lost the ability and the desire to have sex. This is consideredA) an arousal problem.B) an orgasmic dysfunction.C) a sexual performance problem.D) a sexual dysfunction.# 1.79(1 pts.) Hypomania isA) a mild form of mania.B) a severe form of mania with psychotic features.C) a severe form of mania without psychotic featuresD) mania-making depression.# 1.80(1 pts.) The risk of suicide is greatest in which of the following?A) a mild depressionB) a manic phase of bipolar disorderC) a stuporous depressionD) a severe depression# 1.81(1 pts.) In the case of the mood disorders, therapists can expect to be consulted byA) men and women in equal numbers.B) more men than women.C) more women than men.D) more men with depression and more women with bipolar disorder.# 1.82(1 pts.) Cognitive therapy isA) a long-term treatment focusing on distortions in thinkingB) a long-term treatment focusing on depressive feelingsC) a short-term treatment focusing on distortions in thinkingD) a short-term treatment focusing on depressive feelings.# 1.83(1 pts.) Severe depression may be expressed inA) psychomotor retardation.B) impaired functioningC) withdrawalD) all of the above.# 1.84(1 pts.) Unipolar depression can look likeA) a mild depression.B) hypomania.C) bipolar disorder in the manic phase.D) bipolar disorder in the depressive phase.# 1.85(1 pts.) A person who needs little sleep, experiences delusions, and blindly does things that could harm himself or other people is likely suffering fromA) hypomania.B) a psychotic depression.C) mania.D) depressive stupor.# 1.86(1 pts.) Which of the following are characteristic of schizophrenia?A) unusual thoughtsB) unusual perceptionsC) disorganized thoughts and speechD) all of the above# 1.87(1 pts.) Dr. Shulman suggests that some of the seemingly bizarre behavior among the homeless may be due toA) the high incidence of schizophrenia among the homeless ,B) the high incidence of multiple personalities among the homelessC) the effects of being homelessD) drug and /or alcohol abuse# 1.88(1 pts.) Janine’s belief that others condemn and ridicule her is an example of a(n)A) auditory hallucinationB) visual hallucinationC) disorganization of speechD) delusion# 1.89(1 pts.) Denise Ford’s research on the families of people with schizophrenia suggests that development of the disorderA) alters the communication and mood patterns in the familyB) is the result of a schizophrenogenic motherC) is the result of a schizophrenogenic fatherD) is the result of genetic predisposition to the disorder

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