Overview of Future Nursing Competencies. Introduction In our Week 1 Lesson, we’ll cover a variety of content designed to help you learn about the framework of nursing competencies and promote your success in online learning. Week 1 forms the foundation for the remainder of NR351 and your future courses.
Framework for Professional Nursing Practice
In NR351, we’ll consider the framework of professional nursing competencies as our foundation. As we examine the parts of this framework, we will see how the parts are joined together to encompass professional nursing practice. As scaffolding supports a building, so our framework for professional nursing practice supports our practice and our growth.
We live in exciting times. As nurses, we are participants in a time of tremendous change in nursing and in healthcare.
Massachusetts (MA) Department of Higher Education in coordination with nurses from Massachusetts nursing practice and education settings developed the framework for professional nursing called the Nurse of the Future (NOF) Nursing Core Competencies© (NCCs). Their work began in 2006, with completion of the model in 2010. Recent review and updates added more depth and current knowledge to this framework (Massachusetts Department of Higher Education Nursing Initiative, 2016).
The NOF NCC model includes the following competencies.
- Patient-centered care
- Informatics and technology
- Evidence-based practice (EBP)
- Systems-based practice
- Teamwork and collaboration
- Quality improvement
(Massachusetts Department of Higher Education, 2016, p. 5).
We will consider each of these competencies during NR351. These form the foundation for the remaining courses.
The QSEN Institute has developed another set of competencies for the nursing profession. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has funded quality and safety education for nurses (known as QSEN) since 2005, in response to the Institute of Medicine’s recommendations for physicians and healthcare (Hood, 2018). QSEN aims to “address the challenge of preparing future nurses with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) necessary to continuously improve the quality and safety of the healthcare systems within which they work” (QSEN Institute, 2018a, “About QSEN: Project overview,” para. 1).
QSEN KSAs specific to the prelicensure nurse or the graduate nurse include the following.
- Patient-centered care
- Teamwork and collaboration
- Evidence-based practice (EBP)
- Quality improvement (QI)
(QSEN Institute, 2018b, “Competencies,” para. 1)
You may want to explore the QSEN website (linked in the Webliography of NR351) for further information regarding this important initiative in nursing today.
How do the QSEN competencies relate to NOF NCCs?
The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice were developed by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). This document defines “the fundamental knowledge, values, and professional behaviors expected of the bachelor’s-degree nursing graduate” (AACN, 2008, Background section, para. 1). This document is commonly called AACN BSN Essentials.
You’ll find a link to the latest version (2008) of the AACN Essentials in the Webliography.
The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice framework for nursing education is designed to meet the needs of the profession and healthcare in the 21st century. The nine essentials include the following.
- Liberal Education for Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice
- Basic Organizational and Systems Leadership for Quality Care and Patient Safety
- Scholarship for Evidence-Based Practice
- Information Management and Application of Patient Care Technology
- Health Care Policy, Finance, and Regulatory Environments
- Interprofessional Communication and Collaboration for Improving Patient Health Outcomes
- Clinical Prevention and Population Health
- Professionalism and Professional Values
- Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice
Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice (AACN, 2008, pp. 3–4)
How do the AACN BSN essentials relate to nurse of the future nursing core competencies and the QSEN competencies?
Socialization for the Returning Student
Socialization is the interactive process of developing an identity through learning the knowledge, skills, values, attitudes, and norms needed to perform the role (Hood, 2018). Professional socialization is the process of transmitting the attitudes, norms, and values unique to the profession. It allows members of the profession to communicate effectively. Nurses go through a series of socialization processes during their careers. Consider Lee, for example.
Let’s look at the roles Lee has played during his nursing career.
- Lee attended a community college to earn his ADN. When he began nursing courses, he was socialized into the role of a nursing student by learning the knowledge, skills, and values of the instructors and senior students at his school.
- After graduation, he was socialized into the role of a new graduate nurse in the hospital by the clinical educators and his preceptor.
- As Lee progressed in his career, he assumed the role of a preceptor to new nurses and assisted them in the process of socialization to their new positions.
At each phase of his career, Lee was nurtured and assisted to learn the language, values, and roles of the new stage. Now, Lee has decided to return to school to earn his BSN.
You and Lee are both faced with the same questions regarding how you can be socialized into this new role.
- How can you best prepare yourself for this socialization?
- What are your resources?
- What barriers do you think you may encounter?
Because nurses have many phases to their careers, socialization may occur many times. Refer to your assigned textbook readings to examine the many issues surrounding socialization as you grow in the nursing profession.
Although nurses have long talked about socialization into the role of nurse, more attention is now being given to the terms formation and transformation. Benner, Sutphen, Leonard, and Day (2010) claimed that “formation describes the practitioner’s evolving experience” (p. 86). As we grow as professional nurses, we are constantly transforming. We continue growing in the profession.
SSPRNBSN: Student Success Strategies Resource
Chamberlain has prepared an excellent resource for RN-BSN students called Success Strategies (SSPRNBSN). You’ll find this by looking for its tile on your Canvas Dashboard near your NR351 tile. If you do not see this tile on your Dashboard, contact your instructor to request access.
The Modules include the following.
- Course Navigation
- Becoming a Successful Online Learner
- Time and Stress Management
- Services for Students (includes information about New Student Orientation)
- Online Discussions
- Student Resources
- Scholarly Writing
- American Psychological Association (APA) Format
- Computer Literacy
- Library Services
- Non-Native English Speakers
- And more
In some NR351 weeks, we will also be providing you with Success Lessons that will cover some of the topics you’ll find above.
Grading Rubric Use
A grading rubric shows the categories you are expected to include in your assignment, as well as the criteria to earn the best score. Before you begin any assignment or discussion post, review the instructions (sometimes called guidelines) and the rubric. After you’ve finished your assignment or discussion post, return to the guidelines and rubric and compare them to what you have put into your assignment or discussion post. Make sure that you’ve covered everything that will earn you maximum points. Questions about any rubric should be directed to your course instructor.
Just as athletes need to work out and prepare every day for competitions, students need to prepare every day as well. By incorporating preparation, study, and assignment time into your schedule, you’re building the academic muscles you’ll need to finish your BSN.
This week, you’ve studied nursing core competencies, course navigation (by completing the Course Tour on the Start Here page and the Meet and Greet recording in Announcements), rubric use, and other best practices for success as an online student. Yes, it’s been a busy week, but one that is the foundation for the important weeks to come!
Test Your Knowledge on Overview of Future Nursing Competencies.
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