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Nursing Report

Nursing Report

Table of Content

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Importance of a nursing report

1.3 Validation of a patient’s data

1.4 End-shift reports

1.5 Importance of a nursing report

1.6 How to write an effective nursing report


A nursing report is a document that nurses hand over to the next nurse during a shift change. A nursing report contains relevant information concerning a patient’s state or condition. It can be a document that can explain a situation in the event of a legal investigation.  A report is necessary when a patient is transferred to another unit in a hospital. A report is important since a new team takes charge of the patient’s treatment. Handoff is a term used by some nurses to describe the reports they write to submit at the end of a shift. To protect patient information, the exchange is normally done at allocation, where no one else can hear it.

The Importance of the Report

  1. It Guides Patients Care. A nurse might not be aware of a patient’s health status at the start of a change. It necessitates the use of a nursing report to provide vital information about a patient to an oncoming nurse so that they can begin caring for the patient. Caring for a patient without all of the necessary details can jeopardize the patient’s safety and treatment. During the transition of a patient from one nurse to another, a report offers an opportunity to understand the facts. Additionally, he or she may ask questions, and obtain clarifications on any unclear issues. It is for this purpose that any nurse involved in patient care, including student nurses, must submit a report on the patients they care for during a shift.
  2. Improves Patients involvement and Safety. Maintaining protection in healthcare settings necessitates the creation of a safety culture. It necessitates open and honest contact with the patient, other caregivers, and family members on all aspects of care, treatment, and services. A well-written nursing study achieves the original goal of ensuring a safe nurse-to-nurse handoff. It also encourages the patient and his or her family to participate. The absence of a patient necessitates the traditional handing over of his or her report at the nurses’ station.

Validating Patient’s Data

According to research, filling out reports at a nurse’s station makes the job appear to be very dangerous. Nursing reports remove the need for patients to be alone and encourage them to feel involved as part of the healthcare team. Nurses are typically the first to look after a patient’s wellbeing. Also, writing a bedside report is an important part of their treatment plan. At the change of shift report, a nurse is responsible for contact and will make every attempt to validate patient data related to these issues.

  1. Health History of the patient.
  2. Plan of care including medication of the patient.
  3. Physical assessment of the patient.

End Shift Reports

A patient’s nurse writes a correct end-of-shift report based on the summary of information gathered during the shift. Details written by nurses who are nearing the end of their shifts and distributed to nurses starting the next shift include, patient’s current medical condition, as well as his or her medical history, specific prescription requirements, allergies, a record of the patient’s pain levels, and a pain management plan, and any discharge orders. A patient’s life is in jeopardy if  A nurse omits this information.

Why is the Report Vital?

It is important to note that individual patients’ needs are better fulfilled when the nursing team is aware of their existing medical conditions. By presenting a description of a patient’s progress or deterioration over the last several hours, an end-of-shift report helps nurses to consider where their patients are in terms of rehabilitation. Nurses may take the appropriate steps to lead to better results by understanding what has happened before in a patient’s care plan.

How to Write an Effective Nursing Report

Aside from including a patient’s required medical records, there are a few important items nurses must remember while writing an end-of-shift study. The following are some suggestions for improving the quality of your reliever nurses’ end-of-shift reports.

  1. Use Concise Language and Specific Language

Avoid using ambiguous words in your end-of-shift summary to avoid confusing the next nurse. Instead, use descriptive, concise words to describe your patient’s status, which will help the new nurse concentrate on the task at hand. Provide concrete data gleaned from your findings, as well as the outcomes of any procedures carried out during your shift.

  1. Record Everything

Every significant aspect of a patient’s condition, no matter how minor, can prove to be crucial during the recovery process. It’s important to fill out your end-of-shift report with all relevant details about your patient’s condition. A catastrophe may result from not reporting an object that seems insignificant.

  1. Conduct Bedside Reporting as Often as Possible

Medical personnel also refer to bedside reporting as reviewing the end-of-shift report with the patient, his or her accompanying family members, and the incoming nurse. The first thing done by nurses is to carry out a bedside report. Before starting work, both participants have the opportunity to ask any questions they might have during this discussion.

  1. Reserve Time to Answer Questions

Even though bedtime reporting is not performed until each shift, many nurses have concerns about the end-of-shift survey. Maximizing the amount of time the next nurse and the patient spend together is vital as it ensures that all of the patient’s questions are answered and that the end-of-shift report’s specifics are explained.

  1. Review Orders

A patient’s condition will quickly deteriorate, necessitating urgent intervention. Specific care orders are issued by a head nurse or supervising physician in certain situations, especially dealing with patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), and each nurse must understand them completely. Nurses should provide special orders on each end-of-shift report and check them with the new nurse to ensure that a patient receives the appropriate treatment.

  1. Have a Priority of Organization

A well-constructed systematized end-of-shift summary will keep you and the incoming nurse organized. Organizing data and addressing facts within the report will assist in rapidly supplying the correct information during sensitive circumstances.

It is also important to follow a good format. Below is one of the recommended formats.

  • Patient: Write down all of the patient’s data, such as age, medical history, current diagnosis, and most recent symptoms.
  • Actions: Provide a step-by-step account of the care plan at the hospital.
  • Changes: Describe the patient’s ongoing needs and make a list of what the new nurse can do during his or her shift.
  • An evaluation provides notes on the patient’s improvement as well as making other important observations during your shift.


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