1. With respect to the fundamental attribution error, it turns out that in other cultures, like those of Asia,there’s a/an _______ orientation to others that emphasizes interdependence.A. individualisticB. philosophicalC. collectivistD. intrapersonal2. The more people there are at the scene of an accident, the less likely it is that individuals will step up tolend a hand. This phenomenon is referred to asA. diffusion of interest.B. antisocial behavior.C. diffusion of responsibility.D. crowd apathy.3. According to your text, whether you’re persuaded by a message will primarily depend on which factor?A. Your characteristics, including your personality and intelligenceB. Your perception or understanding of the recipient of the messageC. Whether you receive the message while at work or at homeD. The nature of the message as it relates to your temperament4. In the “teacher-learner” experiments conducted by Stanley Milgram, ______ percent of the experimentalsubjects eventually applied the “lethal” 450-volt shock to the “learner.”A. 35B. 15C. 2D. 655. As discussed in your textbook, the Implicit Association Test (IAT)A. requires subjects to react to a series of black and white faces.B. is based on a culture-free questionnaire.C. has revealed that most people aren’t prejudiced.D. requires people to openly express and reveal their latent prejudices.6. Jason and Julia are preparing for a quiz in Psychology 101. Jason recites four reasons for seeking out asocial support network. Julia, who has top grades in the class, gives her nod of approval to all but one ofJason’s list. Which one is she most likely to reject?A. Group members can help a participant with practical things like finding a new job.B. Being a member of a social support network can help reduce a person’s stress levels.C. Being in a social support network helps a person learn how to win arguments.D. Support group membership can help a participant feel valued by others.7. Mandy has decided that she has no control over the aversive stimuli she encounters at work and at homeday by day. Thus, she has given up trying to make her life better. Psychologists would say Mandy’sworldview illustratesA. emotion-focused coping.B. problem-focused coping.C. learned avoidant coping.D. learned helplessness.8. A popular talk show host, jovial and sharp-witted as usual, outlines his views on the death penalty,taking time to consider both sides of the issue. As a long-time listener to that talk show, if you’re swayed toadopt the talk-show host’s point of view, it will probably be due toA. your temperament and character.B. the character of the message.C. your tendency to employ peripheral route processing.D. the medium of the message (radio).9. Four steps are involved in a person’s decision to offer assistance in an emergency situation. The thirdstep isA. deciding how to help.B. appraisal of one’s skills and experience in dealing with emergencies.C. interpreting the event as requiring someone to offer assistance.D. assuming responsibility for rendering assistance.10. The last stage in the GAS model of stress isA. adaptation.B. exhaustion.C. flight or fight.D. resistance.11. In the context of stress, the flip side of an uplift isA. any cataclysmic event.B. background chaos.C. a hassle.D. a personal stressor.12. Particular factors encourage people to be drawn into liking one another. In this context, the reciprocityof liking effect is primarily associated withA. similarity.B. physical attractiveness.C. exposure.D. propinquity.13. The foot-in-the-door technique and the that’s-not-all technique are persuasive tactics for gainingA. compliance.B. reciprocity.C. obedience.D. conformity.14. The concept of aggression cues is associated withA. the work of animal behaviorist Konrad Lorenz.B. frustration-aggression theory.C. observational learning theories.D. social learning theories.15. Which statement best expresses the concept of the self-serving bias?A. We assume that situational causes are brought about by the environment.B. We tend to think other people are similar to us, even when we first meet them.C. We nearly always assume that other people’s failures are due to their personal characteristics.D. We attribute our successes to our skills and abilities and our failures to external factors.16. The first stage in the GAS model of stress isA. adaptation.B. analyzing a stressor.C. alarm and mobilization.D. resistance.17. In general, the approach to stress embraced by psychoneuroimmunologists focuses onA. psychological factors and the immune system.B. the outcomes of stress.C. the brain and the immune system.D. the brain and the body.18. According to Sternberg, intimacy plus decision/commitment identifiesA. fatuous love.B. liking.C. companionate love.D. true friendship.End of exam19. In respect to the foundations of prejudice, social identity theory is associated with the concept ofA. ethnocentrism.B. modern racism.C. self-fulfilling prophecy.D. stereotypical discrimination.20. On first meeting Ian Campbell from Edinburgh, Clark Mason, a native of Seattle, immediately decidesthat he and Ian have similar attitudes, feelings, and worldviews. Psychologists say this sort of thingillustrates theA. fundamental attribution error.B. “birds of a feather” error.C. assumed-similarity bias.D. self-serving bias.1. All of the following are valid methods of coping with stress except forA. blue lining.B. eustress.C. changing your goals.D. learned helplessness.2. The scientific method involvesA. theories and operational definitions as well as hypotheses and research.B. hypotheses and research.C. theories and operational definitions.D. neither theories and operational definitions nor hypotheses and research.3. Pavlov’s classical conditioning experiment involved conditioned response, unconditioned response,_______, and _______.A. neutral stimulus; distinctionB. neutral response; distinctionC. neutral response; extinctionD. neutral stimulus; extinction4. To be considered obese, a person must be _______ percent above the average weight for a person ofhis/her height.A. 40B. 10C. 20D. 305. How often is the following statement true? To successfully conduct experimental research, it’s importantto have signed informed consents from participants.A. The statement is false.B. The statement is true occasionally.C. The statement is true most of the time.D. The statement is always true.6. All of the following are examples of types of influences we encounter exceptA. obedience.B. compliance.C. conformity.D. schema.7. Bandura’s Bobo Doll experiment demonstratedA. obedience.B. observational learning.C. ethnocentricity.D. social identity.8. Behavioral therapy would employ all of the following treatment techniques exceptA. meditation.B. exposure treatment.C. systematic desensitization.D. aversive conditioning.9. Insomnia affects approximately _______ percent of people and nearly _______ million people sufferfrom sleep apnea.A. 10; 20B. 30; 10C. 30; 20D. 20; 3010. Smoking even though you know there is a great chance of getting cancer is a good example ofA. schema.B. social cognition.C. cognitive dissonance.D. attribution theory.11. The textbook discusses the DSM-IV TR. What does that mean?A. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition TransfersB. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text RevisionC. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Dementia, Fourth Edition Text RevisionD. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Dementia, Fourth Edition Transfers12. Alissa and Allen are discussing Freudian defense mechanisms. Alissa says both repression andregression are Freudian defense mechanisms, while Allen insists sublimation is one as well. Who is correct?A. Only Allen is correct.B. Both Alissa and Allen are correct.C. Only Alissa is correct.D. Neither Alissa nor Allen is correct.13. The somatic division links the brain toA. the heart.B. the liver.C. the spinal cord.D. the kidneys.14. If you believe that the body is a machine and will eventually stop working efficiently, you believe in the_______ theory.A. wear-and-tear theoryB. genetic preprogramming theoryC. second shift theoryD. disengagement theory15. The endocrine system is a chemical communication system that sends messages throughout the bodyvia theA. bloodstream.B. nerves.C. glands.D. hormones.16. Sabrina, Ali, and Jasmine are discussing the differences between central route processing and peripheralroute processing. Jasmine believes that peripheral route processing is what results when a personthoughtfully considers the issues and arguments involved in a persuasive argument. Ali says central routeprocessing is when a person is persuaded by factors irrelevant or extraneous to the issue. Sabrina insiststhey’ve both got the definitions mixed up. Who is correct?A. SabrinaB. JasmineC. Sabrina and AliD. Ali and Jasmine17. Common childhood disorders include all of the following exceptA. ADHD.B. autism.C. schizophrenia.D. dyslexia.18. A newly formed cell caused by the union of an egg and sperm is called a/amA. embryo.B. fetus.C. zygote.D. chromozone.End of exam19. The JamesLange theory says that emotional experience is a reaction toA. both physiological arousal and emotional experience as well as nerve stimuli.B. a combination of nonspecific kinds of physiological arousal and its interpretations.C. bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation.D. a combination of bodily events occurring as a result of external situation and physiological arousal and emotional experience.20. All of the following are common changes that occur in adulthood exceptA. menopause.B. life reviews.C. midlife transitions.D. divorce.
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