EXPLAIN IN YOUR OWN WORDS HOW VIRUSES EVOLVE TO BECOME RESISTANT TO TREATMENT. REAL WORLD EXAMPLE: EVOLUTION OF VIRUS AND HOST IN 1859 EUROPEAN RABBITS WERE INTRODUCED INTO AUSTRALIA FOR HUNTING PURPOSES.
Explain in your own words how viruses evolve to become resistant to treatment. Real World Example: Evolution Of Virus and Host In 1859 European rabbits were introduced into Australia for hunting purposes.
Question Viruses and Evolution As you learned in the content for this week bacteria and viruses evolve in response to changes in their environment just as other organisms do. You may not have realized but the disease causing agents aren?t the only things that can evolve. The organism that contracts a disease can also evolve in response to the virus. 1. Explain in your own words how viruses evolve to become resistant to treatment. Real World Example: Evolution Of Virus and Host In 1859 European rabbits were introduced into Australia for hunting purposes. Since there were no natural predators for rabbits in Australia the rabbits soon multiplied in an uncontrolled fashion and became a major problem. The rabbits attacked and ate crops intended for human consumption. Australians needed a way to get rid of the rabbits. In 1950 two virologists introduced a virus into the rabbit population of Australia. This virus called a myxomavirus had been shown effective in killing rabbits found in America. Though the actual viral effects on the European rabbit were not known at the time it was hoped that it could be used to control the rabbits of Australia. Mosquitoes were to spread the disease throughout the rabbit population. Results of the Program Year 1 — 90% of the rabbit population died Year 2 — 90% of the remaining rabbit population died Year 3 — 50% of the remaining rabbit population died Years 4 to 6 ? the rabbit population begins to increase Year 7 — An experiment is conducted. The same strain of the virus that was initially released in 1950 was injected into a sample of rabbits caught from the wild. Only 25% of the rabbits died. Use this information to answer the questions on the following page. 2. The data above can be explained by evolution. Which organism evolved? Briefly explain how you came to that conclusion. 3. Three conditions must be met for evolution by natural selection to occur (see your textbook). Explain how these conditions were met in this scenario (i.e. list each condition and clearly explain how that condition was met in the case of these rabbits). Apply 4. The Ebola virus kills approximately 70% of the people who become infected. The death rate among untreated patients has changed little despite many years of Ebola outbreaks in Africa. Give two possible reasons why we do not see the same rapid decline in death rates for a human population infected with Ebola as we saw for the rabbits infected with myxoma (i.e what are some possible reasons that evolution is not proceeding at the same rate in both cases).
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