data to information to knowledge

OBJECTIVES 1. Reflect on the progression from data to information to knowledge. 2. Describe the term information . 3. Assess how information is acquired. 4. Explore the characteristics of quality information. 5. Describe an information system. 6. Explore data acquisition or input and processing or retrieval, analysis, and synthesis

of data. 7. Assess output or reports, documents, summaries, alerts, and outcomes. 8. Describe information dissemination and feedback. 9. Define information science.

10. Assess how information is processed. 11. Explore how knowledge is generated in information science.

Introduction This chapter explores information, information systems (IS), and information science. The key word here, of course, is information . Health care profession- als are knowledge workers , and they deal with information on a daily basis. Many concerns and issues arise with health care information, such as ownership, access, disclosure, exchange, security, privacy, disposal, and dissemination. With

Key Terms

Acquisition Alert Analysis Chief information officer Chief technical officer Chief technology officer Cloud computing Cognitive science Communication science Computer-based

information system Computer science Consolidated Health

Informatics Data Dissemination Document Electronic health record


Introduction to Information, Information Science, and Information Systems Dee McGonigle, Kathleen Mastrian , and Craig McGonigle


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