Entries by Nelly Prosper

Cultural Competence

Cultural Competence Cultural competence is defined as “a dynamic, fluid, continuous process whereby an individual, system or health care agency find meaningful and useful care delivery strategies based on knowledge of the cultural heritage, beliefs, attitudes, and behavior of those to whom they render care” (Giger & Davidhizar, 2002, p.186). To assist healthcare providers in […]


Genes Originally, the study of genetics concentrated on discrete genes that resulted in a few identifiable diseases. Mendel’s theory of inheritance was grounded on gene inheritance patterns, including autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, autosomal trisomy, X-linked dominant, X-linked recessive disorders, and Y-chromosome linked disorders (Yule, 1907). However, epidemiologic studies strongly suggested that there were nonidentified genes […]


Pandemics Pandemics and epidemics are inevitable. There is good historical information to support significant outbreaks of disease, in global proportions, for all of history. For example, the 1918-1919 influenza outbreak killed 21 million people, the majority over a 16-week period from September to December in 1918 (Barry, 2004). At that point in time, the world’s […]


Epidemiology There are numerous ethical issues in epidemiology, from deciding who should receive a vaccine when there is a shortage to the ethical rules researchers should follow in studying disease patterns and trends. As your text emphasizes, all people are interconnected and transmission of disease is one way this is clearly seen. Unfortunately, many diseases […]

 Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) To start the quest of integrating knowledge of research methods and evidence-based practice (EBP) into your professional nursing area, it is important to develop an understanding of how research methods and EBP are different but interrelated. Research results are of no value if they are not used as evidence to guide the […]

Nursing Practice

Nursing Practice It is first important to realize that the term practice is not solely linked to patient care. Rather, the term refers to all areas in which nurses may be found within the diverse settings of healthcare. Nursing practice includes (but is not limited to) education, executive, informatics, healthcare policy, safety, and so on. This means […]

systematic reviews

During this week we will spend time looking at systematic reviews and guidelines, which are considered summaries of research evidence. Have you looked at the Hierarchy of Evidence Pyramid? Where does a guideline or systematic review fall on the Pyramid? Why do you need to understand these levels? It is essential knowledge that nurse practitioners […]

Quantitative Research Methodology

Quantitative Research Methodology. There are various elements to this type of research study, for example, design, sampling, intervention, comparison, control over extraneous or confounding variables, blinding, time frames and location. In addition to these elements the ethical process of the study should never be overlooked. What are the types of quantitative research methodology? When considering […]

research methodology

Quantitative Methodology and Statistical Methods of Research Analysis There are two major bodies of research methodology, qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative research, as the name implies, focuses on counting or measuring. This research method is concerned with incidence and frequency (often measured by descriptive statistics); connections between two ideas (often measured by correlations or bivariate statistics); […]