Assign CPT code(s) and appropriate modifiers to each statement.
1) After performing an emergency cesarean section, the physician noticed that the appendix was distended, resulting in medical necessity for an appendectomy performed during the same operative session.
2) The physician freed intestinal adhesions.
3) The physician resected two segments of small intestine and performed an anastomosis between the remaining intestinal ends. An open approach was used for this surgery.
4) The physician repaired a defect in the mesentery with sutures.
5) The physician performed a laparoscopic partial colectomy with end colostomy and closure of the distal segment.
6) The physician drained a pelvic abscess through the rectum.
7) The physician removed a portion of the rectum through combined abdominal and transsacral approaches.
8) The physician performed rigid proctosigmoidoscopy and obtained brushings.
9) The physician performed a flexible sigmoidoscopy and removed a polyp. The physician inserted the sigmoidoscope through the anus and advanced the scope into the sigmoid colon. The lumen of the sigmoid colon and rectum were well visualized, and the polyp was identified and removed with hot biopsy forceps. The sigmoidoscope was withdrawn upon completion of the procedure.
10) The physician inserted a colonscope through the anus and advanced the scope past the splenic flexure. Two polps were identified and removed by hot biopsy forceps.
1) Hepatotomy for open drainage of abscess or cyst, 1 stage.
2) Surgeon removed segments II, III, and IV (the whole left lobe) of the liver from a living donor.
3) The physician performed radiofrequency ablation of a liver tumor via open laparotomy.
4) The physician removed the gallbladder and performed a common bile duct exploration through the laparoscope.
5) The physician performed a cholecystostomy with removal of calculus.